“Was there ever a time when human beings existed and they did not use technology, broadly defined, to aid cognition? Presumably as soon as humans learned to count and to measure, they made devices to help them do so and to remember the results. The development of symbol systems and written language was certainly among the most noteworthy technological achievements of prehistory; there is no other technological advance whose effects on human history rival those of this one. But there are countless examples of artifacts (devices, systems, procedures) that have been invented throughout history to facilitate the performance of cognitive tasks or to amplify human cognition in one or another way…The relationship between technology and cognition is one of dependency that goes both ways. There would be little in the way of technology in the absence of cognition. And cognition would be greatly handicapped if all its technological aids were suddenly to disappear. Technology is a product of cognition, and its production is a cyclic, self-perpetuating process. Cognition invents technology, the technology invented amplifies the ability of cognition to invent additional technology that amplifies further the ability of cognition…and so it goes.” - Nickerson, R.S., 2005. Technology and Cognition Amplification. In Intelligence and Technology: The Impact of Tools on the Nature and Development of Human Abilities. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 25.